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Flowers & Their Meaning

Roses: The Meaning of Each Color 

Roses come in a wide range of colors. Each different color has a different meaning. It sends a silent, yet extremely important message from the sender to receiver. Make sure you are sending the right message when you select roses for someone, else he or she will get the wrong message!

    Red

    Symbolic of: Love, beauty, courage and respect
    Many existing red roses are available from the very dark Cara Mia, large-flowered Madame Delbard, bright red Kardinal to strawberry red Preference.
    True Love , Respect, Courage, Romantic Love, I Love You, Congratulations, Job Well Done.
   

White

    Symbolic of: Purity and innocence, silence or secrecy, also reverence and humility
    White roses are a pure and elegant symbol of caring. Try the true white Eskimo, the purest white Tineke and an old favorite, Bridal White.
    Reverence , Purity, Innocence, Secrecy, I Am Worthy Of You.
    Deep Burgundy

    Symbolic of: Unconscious beauty
  

  Deep Pink

    Say: Appreciation, Thank you
    Several shades of dark pink roses from the hot pink Laser to the dark pink Prive and the medium pink variety, Diplomat. Thankfulness.
    Light Pink

    Symbolic of: admiration, fun and happiness
    Among the varieties of delicate pink roses are the softly–shaded Kalinka, delicately colored Dolores, true pink Vivaldi and the favorite Bridal Pink.
    Perfect Happiness, Gentleness, Sweetness, Please Believe Me.

Pale Pink

    Symbolic of: grace, gentleness, and gratitude, Grace, Joy

Yellow

    Symbolic of: Joy, gladness, friendship, delight, the promise of a new beginning
    Friendship and freedom, don't send them if your intentions are romantic.
    Many shades of yellow roses are available from the large blossomed Aalsmeer Gold, medium–sized Golden Emblem to the spray rose, Rhumba.
    Joy, Gladness, Freedom, Friendship, I Care, Welcome Back, Remember Me, Jealousy.

Orange

    Symbolic of: Desire, and enthusiasm
    Roses in brilliant orange are a delight to the eye including these... brightly–colored Belinda, shocking orange Lambada and apricot–hued Pareo

Lilac Roses

    Symbolic of: Love at first sight
    Lilac roses indicate the sender has fallen in love at first sight with the recipient and is enchanted.
    Lavender

    Symbolic of: Enchantment

Peach Pink

    Symbolic of: gratitude, sympathy, gentleness & friendship.
    Pale Peach

    Speak of appreciation, gratitude, and also sympathy
    Soft peach hues are a delightful color gaining in popularity. Choose the very popular Osiana, the palest peach Champagne or the spray rose, Porcelina.

Orange

    Symbolic of: enthusiasm, fascination
    Roses in brilliant orange are a delight to the eye including these... brightly–colored Belinda, shocking orange Lambada and apricot–hued Pareo Desire, Fascination, Enthusiasm.

Coral

    Symbolic of: desire
    Coral roses express with their passionate color, desire.
    The coral/peach rose family has several popular varieties including the world favorite Sonia, peach–washed Kyria and peach/pink bi–color Harmony.Desire.

Red Rosebud

    A symbol of purity and loveliness
    White Rosebud

    Symbolic of girlhood, heart Ignorant of Love
    Thornless Rose

    A symbol of attachment
    White Roses + Yellow Roses

    A symbol of harmony

Red Roses + Yellow Roses

    Message of happiness and celebration
    Jovial and happy feelings
    Red Roses + White Roses

    Indicate bonding and harmony, truth and love or true love.

Black

    Death

Other Flower Information

    Austrian Rose (Rosa foetida): Thou art all that is lovely
    Cabbage Rose: Ambassador of love
    Carolina Rose: Love is dangerous
    Crown of Roses: Reward of virtue
    Damask Rose: Beauty ever new
    Faded Rose: Beauty is fleeting
    Hybrid Tea Roses: "I'll remember you always"
    Leaves: I am never importunate, Hope
    Moss Bud: Confession of love
    Pale Colors: Sociability and friendship
    Provence Rose: My heart is in flames
    Red Bud: You are young and beautiful
    Rosa Canina: Pleasure mixed with pain
    Rosa Multiflora: Grace
    Rosa Mundi (Striped): Variety
    Rose in a Tuft of Grass: There is everything to be gained by good company
    Rose Bloom Over Two Buds: Secrecy
    Single Rose: Simplicity
    Thorn: Danger
    Two Roses Joined Together: Engagement or coming marriage
    White Bud: Youthfulness, "e;Too young for love"e;
    Withered White Rose: You made no impression
    Garland or Crown of: Beware of Virtue, Reward of Merit, Symbol of Superior Merit
    Musk Cluster: Charming
    Rose-of-Sharon: Consumed by Love
    A rose in general means love.
    A single rose means “I still love you.”
    Two roses together mean a commitment or forthcoming marriage.
    Light colored roses mean friendship.
    A Rosa Carolina rose means love is dangerous.
    A damask rose means brilliant complexion, bashful love.
    A moss rosebud means confession of love.
    A thornless rose means early attachment.
    A wild rose means simplicity.
    A rosebud (except red or yellow) means young girl.
    A Rosa canina means pleasure and pain.
    A musk rose means capricious beauty.
    A withered white rose means death or loss of innocence.
    12 roses mean gratitude.
    25 roses mean congratulations.
    50 roses mean unconditional love.

Positioning:

    Bent to the right: "I"
    Bent to the left: "You"
    Ribbon knotted on the left: Message from the giver
    Ribbon knotted on the right: Message about the recipient
    Accepted with right hand: Agreement, affirmative
    Accepted with left hand: Disagreement, negative
    Worn over heart: Love
    Worn in hair: Caution
    Worn in cleavage: Friendship, Remembrance

What Your Flowers May Be Saying

Carnation: Tradition is very important to you. Your down-to-earth attitude and innate ability to keep confidences makes you one of the most loyal and trusted friends. As a result, you are always surrounded by loved ones who come to you for guidance.

Daisy: You notice things others miss. For example, the different shades of pink in the sky as the sun sets, the hint of sadness behind someone's smile-which means you are a natural at drinking in all life has to offer.

Iris: You tend to get bored quickly with day-to-day routines. In order to maintain your great vitality and creativity, you need to follow your inspiration wherever it may lead. You thrive and prosper in jobs and situations where you are your own boss.

Lily: You are a nurturing person. In fact, people are drawn to you. A few words from you can make people feel worlds better. It?s no wonder many say you would be a great therapist! However, you shouldn?t feel like you have to ease everyone?s troubles; your caring alone accomplishes more than you realize.

Rose: You are the kind of woman that will bring the Prince Charming out in a man. You are also the kind of friend who gets called first with news-big or small. Despite your wide social circle and busy agenda, you have a secret need for alone time and you will sometimes even feel a little shy.

Tulip: You thrive on change. You are always dreaming up some way to improve yours and your family?s lives. But just as a tulip blooms in the same spot each year, deep down inside, you are often content with what you have.

The Language of Flowers

As every flower lover knows, flowers have a language of their own. Every sentiment is expressed in one form or another by these fragile blooms. Of course, even the experts disagree on the "true meaning" of many flowers and most have different meanings to different people. So, while all flowers convey thoughtfulness and love, here are some of the more traditional meanings.

 A

  ACACIA: Concealed Love, Beauty in Retirement, Chaste Love
    AMARYLLIS: Pride, Pastoral Poetry
    AMBROSIA: Your Love is Reciprocated
    ANEMONE: Forsaken
    APPLE BLOSSOM: Preference, Better Things to Come, Good Fortune
    ARBUTUS: Thee Only Do I Love
    ARUM: Ardor
    ASPARAGUS FERN: Fascination
    ASPHODEL: My Regrets Follow You to the Grave
    ASTER: Symbol of Love, Daintiness, Talisman of Love
    ASTER (CHINA): Fidelity, Variety, I Will Think of Thee
    AZALEA: Take Care of Yourself for Me, Temperance, Fragile Passion, Chinese Symbol of Womanhood

B

    BABY'S BREATH: Innocence, Pure of Heart
    BACHELOR BUTTON: Single blessedness, Celibacy
    BALM: Sympathy
    BALSAM: Ardent Love
    BEGONIA: Beware, A Fanciful Nature
    BELLS OF IRELAND: Good luck
    BIRD OF PARADISE: Often given today from a woman to man as a symbol of faithfulness
    BITTERSWEET: Truth
    BLACK BRYONT/LADY'S SEAL: Be My Support
    BLUEBELL: Humility
    BLUEBELL/BELL FLOWER: Humility, Constancy, Gratitude
    BROOM: Humility, Neatness
    BUCK BEAN: Calm repose
    BUTTERCUP: Childishness, Riches

C

    CACTUS: Endurance, My Heart Burns with Love
    CALLA LILY: Magnificent Beauty
    CALYCANTHUS/CAROLINA ALLSPICE/SWEET SHRUB: Benevolence
    CAMELLIA: Admiration, Perfection, Good Luck Gift for a Man, Gratitude
    CAMELLIA (PINK): Longing for you
    CAMELLIA (RED): You're a Flame in My Heart
    CAMELLIA (WHITE): Adoration, Perfection, Loveliness
    CANDYTUFT: Indifference
    CANTERBURY BELLS/BELL FLOWER: Gratitude
    CARDINAL FLOWER/SCARLET LOBELIA: Distinction
    CARNATION (DEEP RED): Alas! for my poor heart

    CARNATION (GENERAL): Fascination, Devoted Love
    CARNATION (PINK): I'll never forget you, Women's Love
    CARNATION (PURPLE): Capriciousness
    CARNATION (RED): My Heart Aches For You, Admiration
    CARNATION (SOLID COLOR): Yes
    CARNATION (STRIPED): No, Refusal, Sorry I can't be with you, Wish I could be with you
    CARNATION (WHITE): Sweet and Lovely, Innocence, Pure Love, Woman's Good Luck Gift
    CARNATION (YELLOW): You Have Disappointed Me, Rejection
    CATCHFLY (RED): Youthful Love, I Fall Victim
    CATTAIL: Peace, Prosperity

    CATTLEYA: Mature charms
    CEDAR: I live but for thee, Think of Me
    CELANDINE/PILEWORT/FIGWORT: Future Joy
    CHAMOMILE/GOLDEN MARGUERITE/ANTHEMIS: Energy in Action, Cheerfulness, You're a wonderful friend
    CHERRY BLOSSOM (SINGLE): Education
    CHICKWEED: I Cling to Thee
    CHICORY: Frugality
    CHRISTMAS ROSE/HELLEBORUS: Relieve My Anxiety

    CHRYSANTHEMUM (GENERAL): You're a Wonderful Friend, Cheerfulness and Rest, Abundance & Wealth
    CHRYSANTHEMUM (RED): Love
    CHRYSANTHEMUM (WHITE): Truth
    CHRYSANTHEMUM (YELLOW): Slighted Love
    CINQUEFOIL: Beloved Child
    CLEMATIS: Artifice (ingenuity)
    CLOVER (FOUR–LEAF): Be Mine
    CLOVER (RED): Industry
    CLOVER (WHITE): Think of Me
    COLCHICUM (MEADOW SAFFRON): My Best Days Fled
    COLUMBINE (PURPLE): Resolved to Win
    COLUMBINE (RED): Anxious
    COMPASS FLOWER: Faith
    CONVOLVUS MINOR/BINDWEED: Uncertainty
    CORCHORUS: Impatience of Happiness
    COREOPSIOS: Always Cheerful
    CORNFLOWER: Delicacy, refinement,
    CORONILLA/CROWN VETCH: Success to You
    COWSLIP: Rusticity, Winning Grace, Healing, Youth, Pensiveness
    COXCOMB: Foppery, Unfading Love
    CROCUS: Cheerfulness
    CROCUS: Cheerfulness, Abuse not, Gladness
    CROWN IMPERIAL/FRITILLARIA: Majesty
    CYCLAMEN: Resignation and Good–bye

D

    DAFFODIL: Regard, Unrequited Love, Sunshine, Respect, The sun shines when I'm with you
    DAFFODIL: Regard, Unrequited Love, You're the Only One, The Sun is Always Shining when I'm with You
    DAFFODIL (YELLOW ): Chivalry
    DAHLIA: Dignity and Elegance, Forever Thine

    DAISY: Innocence, Loyal Love, I'll Never tell, Purity, Beauty
    DAISY (RED): Beauty Unknown to Possessor
    DAISY OX–EYE: Patience
    DANDELION: Faithfulness, Happiness, Love's oracle
    DAPHANE CNEORUM/ROSE DAPHANE: I Desire to Please
    DAPHANE ODORA/WINTER DAPHANE: I Would Not Have You Otherwise
    DEAD LEAVES: Sadness
    DELPHINIUM: Big–Hearted, Fun
    DILL: Lust
    DIOSMA: Your Simple Elegance Charms Me
    DOG ROSE: Pleasure and Pain
    DOGWOOD (FLOWERING): Am I Indifferent to You?
    DRACAENA/DRAGON'S BLOOD/DRAGON LILY: Inner Power
    DRAGON ROOT/GREEN DRAGON (Arum draconium): Ardor

E

    EDELWEISS/ALPINE CUDWEED: Daring, Courage, Noble Purity
    EGLANTINE/SWEET–BRIAR/ROSA EGLANTARIA: Poetry, I Wound to Heal
    ELDER FLOWER: Zeal
    ENDINE: Frugality
    EPIGAEA, REPENS/MAYFLOWER/TRAILING ARBUTUS: Budding
    EREMURUS: Endurance
    EUPATORIUM/HARDY AGERATUM: Delay
    EUPHORBIA: Persistence
    EVERLASTING: Never Ceasing Memory

F

    FERN: Magic, Fascination, Confidence and Shelter
    FERN (MAIDENHAIR): Secret bond of love, Discretion
    FERN (ROYAL): Reverie
    FILBERT: Reconciliation
    FIR: Time
    FLAX: Domestic Symbol
    FLORA'S BELL: Without Pretension
    FLOWERING REED: Confide in Heaven
    FORGET–ME–NOT: True Love, Memories
    FORSYTHIA: Anticipation
    FOXGLOVE/FAIRY THIMBLES/DEAD MEN'S BELLS: Stateliness, Youth
    FOXTAIL GRASS: Sporting
    FRAXINELLA/CULTIVATED DITTANY/GAS PLANT: Fire
    FREESIA: Innocence, Trust
    FUCHSIA (SCARLET): Confiding Love, Taste
    FURZE: Love for All Occasions

G

    GARDENIA: You're lovely, Secret love, Purity, Refinement
    GARLIC: Courage, Strength, Get well, Ward Off Evil & Illness
    GENETIAN (FRINGED): Intrinsic Worth, I Look to Heaven, Autumn
    GENTIAN (CLOSED): Sweet Be Thy Dreams
    GERANIUM: Stupidity, Folly
    GERANIUM: True Friend, Stupidity, Folly
    GERANIUM (APPLE): Present Preference
    GERANIUM (IVY): Your Hand for Next Dance
    GERANIUM (LEMON): Unexpected Meeting
    GERANIUM (NUTMEG): I Expect a Meeting
    GERANIUM (OAK–LEAVED): True Friendship, Lady, Deign to Smile
    GERANIUM (PENCILED): Ingenuity
    GERANIUM (ROSE): Preference
    GERANIUM (SCARLET): Consolation, Melancholy
    GERANIUM (SILVER–LEAF): Recall
    GERBERA: Innocence
    GINGER: Strength
    GLADIOLI: Generosity, I'm sincere, Flower of the gladiators
    GLADIOLI: Give Me a Break, I'm Really Sincere, Flower of the Gladiators
    GLOBE AMARANTH: Unfading Love
    GLOXINIA: Love at first sight
    GOLDEN–ROD: Be cautious, Encouragement
    GOOSEBERRY: Anticipation
    GOOSEFOOT: Goodness
    GORSE: Endearing Affection
    GRASS: Homosexual Love
    GRASS: Submission
    GRASS/CITRONELLA/CAMEL GRASS/LEMON GRASS/GINGER
    GUELDER ROSE/SNOWBALL: Winter

H

    HAREBELL/CAMPANULA: Humility, Grief
    HEART'S EASR/PURPLE/JOHNNY JUMP UP: You Occupy My Thoughts
    HEATHER (LAVENDER): Admiration, Solitude
    HEATHER (WHITE): Protection, Wishes will come true
    HELIOTROPE: Devotion
    HENBANE: For Males to Attract Love from Females
    HEPATICA (Anemone nobilis): Confidence
    HIBISCUS: Consumed by Love, Delicate Beauty
    HOLLY: Defense, Domestic Happiness, Am I forgotten
    HOLLYHOCK: Fruitfulness
    HOLLYHOCK (WHITE): Female Ambition
    HONESTY/LUNARIA/DOLLAR PLANT/MONEY PLANT: Sincerity
    HONEYFLOWER: Sweet, Secret love, Generous Affection, Sweetness of Disposition
    HONEYSUCKLE: The Bond of Love
    HONEYSUCKLE (CORAL): I Love You
    HOUSTONIA/BLUET/QUAKER LADIES: Content
    HOYA/WAX PLANT: Sculpture
    HUCKLEBERRY: Faith, Simple Pleasures
    HYACINTH (BLUE): Consistency
    HYACINTH (BLUE): Constancy
    HYACINTH (GENERAL): Games and Sports, Rashness, Flower Dedicated to Apollo
    HYACINTH (PURPLE): I am Sorry, Please Forgive Me, Sorrow
    HYACINTH (PURPLE): Sorry, Please forgive me, Sorrow
    HYACINTH (RED OR PINK): Playful Joy
    HYACINTH (WHITE): Loveliness, I'll Pray for You
    HYACINTH (WHITE): Unobtrusive Loveliness, I'll pray for you
    HYACINTH (YELLOW): Jealousy
    HYDRANGEA: Thank You for Understanding, Frigidity, Heartlessness

I

    INDIAN CRESS/NASTURTIUM: Resignation
    IPOMACA: I Attach Myself to You

    IRIS: Faith, Wisdom, Promise in Love, Hope, Wisdom & Valor
    IRIS: Fleur–de–lis, Emblem of France, Your Friendship Means so Much to Me, Faith, Hope, Wisdom and Valor, My Compliments
    IRIS (GERMAN): Flame
    IRIS (YELLOW): Passion
    IVY: Wedded Love, Fidelity, Friendship, Affection
    IVY (SPRIG OF WHITE TENDRILS): Anxious to please, Affection

J

    JAPONICA: Sincerity, Symbol of Love
    JASMINE (INDIAN): Attachment
    JASMINE (SPANISH): Sensuality
    JASMINE (WHITE): Amiability
    JASMINE (YELLOW): Modesty, Grace, Elegance
    JERUSALEM OAK: Your Love is Reciprocated
    JONQUIL: Love Me, Affection Returned, Desire, Sympathy, Desire for Affection Returned

K

    KENNEDIA: Intellectual Beauty

L

    LADY'S SLIPPER: Win me, Capricious Beauty
    LANTANA: Rigor
    LARKSPUR: Levity, An Open Heart, Lightness

    LARKSPUR (PINK): Fickleness
    LAURISTINUS: Cheerful in Adversity
    LAVENDER: Love, Devotion,
    LEMON BLOSSOM: Fidelity in Love; I Promise to be True
    LILAC (GENERAL): Beauty, Pride
    LILAC (PURPLE): First emotions of love
    LILAC (WHITE): Youthful Innocence

    LILY (STARGAZER)
    LILY (CALLA): Beauty
    LILY (DAY): Coquetry, Chinese Emblem For Mother
    LILY (EUCHARIS): Maiden Charms
    LILY (GENERAL): Majesty & Honor, Purity of Heart
    LILY (ORANGE): Hatred, Dislike
    LILY (TIGER): Wealth, Pride, Prosperity
    LILY (WHITE): Virginity, Purity, Majesty, It's Heavenly to be with You, Youth
    LILY (YELLOW): I'm Walking On Air, False, Gay, Gratitude
    LILY OF THE VALLEY: Sweetness, Tears of the Virgin Mary, Return to Happiness, Humility, You've Made My Life Complete
    LIVERWORT: Confidence
    LOTUS: Estranged love, Forgetful of the Past
    LOVE IN A MIST: You Puzzle Me
    LOVE–LIES–BLEEDING/AMARANTHUS: Hopeless, Not Heartless, Desertion
    LUCERNE: Life
    LUNGWORT: Thou Art My Life
    LUPINE: Imagination
    LYCHNIS/CAMPION/MALTESE CROSS: Religious Enthusiasm

M

    MAGNOLIA: Nobility, Perseverance, Nobility
    MAGNOLIA (CHINESE): Love of Nature
    MALLOW: Delicate Beauty, Sweetness
    MARIGOLD: Cruelty, Grief, Jealousy
    MARIGOLD (COMMON): Pretty Love, Sacred,Affection, Caress, Sorrow
    MARJORAM: Joy, Happiness
    MARVEL OF PERU/FOUR O' CLOCK: Timidity
    MEADOW SAFFRON: My Best Days Are Gone
    MEZEREON: Desire to Please
    MIGNONETTE: Your qualities Surpass your Charms, Health
    MILK VETCH: Your presence softens my pain
    MIMOSA: Secret Love
    MINT: Virtue
    MISTLETOE: Kiss me, Affection, Difficulties, Sacred plant of India,
    MISTLETOE: Kiss me, Affection, To Surmount Difficulties, Sacred Plant of India
    MONKSHOOD: Beware, A Deadly Foe is Near
    MONKSHOOD: Beware, Danger is near
    MOONWORT/HONESTY: Forgetfulness
    MORNING GLORY: Affection
    MOSS: Maternal Love, Charity
    MOSS: Maternal Love, Charity
    MOTHERWORT: Secret Love
    MOUSE–EAR CHICKWEED: Simplicity
    MUGWORT/WORMWOOD: Tranquility, Happiness
    MULLEIN: Good Nature
    MYRTLE: Love, Hebrew Emblem of Marriage
    MYRTLE: Love, Joy, Hebrew Emblem of marriage
    MYRTLE (WAX): Discipline, Instruction

N

    NARCISSUS: Egotism, Formality, Stay as Sweet as You Are
    NARCISSUS: Formality, Stay As Sweet As You Are
    NASTURTIUM: Conquest, Victory In Battle
    NUTS: Stupidity

O

    OAK LEAVES: Bravery
    OLEANDER: Caution
    OLIVE BRANCH: Peace
    ORANGE BLOSSOM: Innocence, Eternal Love, Marriage and Fruitfulness
    ORANGE MOCK: Deceit

    ORCHID: Love, Beauty, Refinement, Beautiful Lady, Chinese Symbol for Many Children
    ORCHID (CATTLEYA): Mature Charm

P

    PALM LEAVES: Victory & Success
    PANSY: Merriment, Thoughts (You Occupy My Thoughts)
    PARSLEY: Useful Knowledge
    PASQUE FLOWER: Unpretentious, You Have No Claims
    PASSION FLOWER: Faith, Religious Fervor
    PEACH BLOSSOM: I am your Captive
    PEAR: Affection
    PEONY: Shame, Happy Life, Happy Marriage
    PEONY: Shame, Happy Marriage, Compassion, Bashfulness
    PEPPERMINT: Cordiality
    PERIWINKLE/VINCA/MYRTLE: Early Recollections, Pleasures of Memories, Sweet Memories
    PETUNIA: Resentment, Anger, Your Presence Sooths Me
    PETUNIA: Your Presence Soothes Me
    PHEASANT'S EYE/ADONIS: Sorrowful Memories
    PHLOX: Our souls are united, Unanimity
    PIMPERNEL/POOR MAN'S WEATHER GLASS: Change
    PINE: Hope, Pity
    PINK (MOUNTAIN): You Are Aspiring
    PINK: Pure Affection
    POMEGRANATE FLOWER: Elegance
    POPPY (GENERAL): Eternal Sleep, Oblivion, Imagination
    POPPY (RED): Pleasure
    POPPY (WHITE): Consolation
    POPPY (YELLOW ): Wealth, Success
    PRIDE OF CHINA: Dissension
    PRIMROSE: I Can't Live Without You, Woman
    PRIMROSE (EVENING): Inconstancy
    PRIMROSE (RED): Unpatronized Merit
    PRINCE'S FEATHER: Unfading Love
    PUSSY WILLOW: Motherhood

Q

    QUAKING GRASS: Agitation

R

    RAGGED–ROBIN: Wit
    RANUNCULUS: I am Dazzled by your Charms
    REEDS: Music
    RHODODENDRON: Danger, Beware, I am Dangerous
    RHUBARB: Advice
    ROSE (BRIDAL): Happiness
    ROSE (BURGANDY): Unconscious Beauty
    ROSE (CHRISTMAS): Relieve my anxiety
    ROSE (CORAL): Desire
    ROSE (DAMASK): Freshness, Persian Ambassador of Love
    ROSE (DARK CRIMSON): Mourning
    ROSE (DARK PINK): Thankfulness
    ROSE (DEEP RED): Bashful, Shame
    ROSE (DOG): Pleasure & Pain
    ROSE (GREEN): I am from Mars
    ROSE (HIBISCUS): Delicate Beauty
    ROSE (LAVENDER): Enchantment
    ROSE (LEAF): You may Hope
    ROSE (MUSK CLUSTER): Charming
    ROSE (ORANGE): Fascination
    ROSE (PALE PINK): Grace, Joy
    ROSE (PEACH): Immortality, Modesty
    ROSE (PINK): Perfect Happiness, Secret Love, Grace & Sweetness, Indecision
    ROSE (RED): Love, I love you, Respect, Beauty
    ROSE (TEA): I'll Remember: Always
    ROSE (THORNLESS): Love at first sight, Early Attachment
    ROSE (WHITE & RED TOGETHER): Unity, Flower Emblem of England
    ROSE (WHITE–DRIED): Death is Preferable to Loss of Virtue
    ROSE (WHITE): Innocence and Purity, I am Worthy of You, You're Heavenly, Secrecy and Silence
    ROSE (WHITE): Innocence, Purity, Humility, I am Worthy of You, Secrecy, Silence
    ROSE (YELLOW): Decrease of Love, Jealousy, Try to Care
    ROSE (YELLOW): Joy, Jealousy, Friendship (one yellow rose with 11 red ones means love & passion)
    ROSE–OF–SHARON: Consumed by Love
    ROSEBUD: Beauty and Youth, A Heart Innocent of Love
    ROSEBUD (MOSS): Confessions of Love
    ROSEBUD (RED): Pure and Lovely
    ROSEBUD (WHITE): Girlhood, Heart Ignorant of Love
    ROSEMARY: Remembrance
    ROSES (Bouquet of full bloom): Gratitude
    ROSES (Bouquet of Mature Blooms): Gratitude
    ROSES (GARLAND or CROWN OF): Beware of Virtue, Reward of Merit, Symbol of Superior Merit
    ROSES (Single full bloom): I truly love you, Simplicity.
    RUSH/HORSE–TAIL: Docility

S

    SAGE: Wisdom, Great Respect, Speedwell Female Fidelity
    SATIN–FLOWER: Sincerity
    SENSITIVE PLANT: Timidity
    SHAMROCK: Lightheartedness
    SLOE: Difficulty, AusteritySMILAX: Loveliness
    SMILAX: Loveliness
    SNAPDRAGON: Deception, Gracious Lady
    SNAPDRAGON: Gracious Lady, Strength
    SNOWBALL: Thoughts of Heaven
    SNOWDROP: Hope, Consolation
    SOLIDAGO: Success
    SPEARMINT: Warm Sentiment
    SPIDER FLOWER: Elope with me
    STAR OF BETHLEHEM: Atonement, Reconciliation
    STARWORT: Welcome to a Stranger
    STEPHANOTIS: Happiness in Marriage, Desire to Travel
    STEPHANOTIS: Marital Happiness, Desire to Travel
    STOCK: Bonds of Affection, Promptness, You'll Always Be Beautiful to Me
    STONECROP: Tranquility
    STRAW (BROKEN): Broken agreement
    STRAW FLOWER: Agreement
    SUNFLOWER ( DWARF): Adoration
    SUNFLOWER (TALL): False riches, Pride
    SWEET–SULTAN: Felicity, Happiness
    SWEET–WILLIAM: Grant me one smile, Gallantry
    SWEETPEA: Good–bye, Departure, Blissful Pleasure, Thank You for a Lovely Time
    SYTINGIA/MOCK ORANGE/LILAC: Memory

T

    TEASEL (Dipscaus): Misanthropy
    THORNAPPLE: I dreamed of thee
    THRIFT (ARMERIA): Sympathy
    TRAVELER'S JOY: Rest, Safety
    TRUMPET FLOWER/ANGEL'S TRUMPET/DATURA: Separation
    TULIP (GENERAL): Perfect Lover, Frame, Flower Emblem of Holland
    TULIP (RED)Believe me, Declaration of Love
    TULIP (VARIEGATED): Beautiful eyes
    TULIP (YELLOW): There's Sunshine in Your Smile
    TURNIP: Charity

V

    VALERIAN: Accommodating Disposition
    VENUS FLYTRAP: Caught at Last
    VENUS' LOOKING GLASS: Flattery
    VERBENA: Pray for me, Sensibility
    VERONICA SPEEDWELL: Fidelity
    VERVAIN: Enchantment
    VINE: Intoxicating
    VIOLET: Modesty, Virtue, Affection
    VIOLET (BLUE): Watchfulness, Faithfulness, I'll Always Be True
    VIOLET (WHITE): Let's Take A Chance On Happiness
    VIRGIN'S BOWER/CLEMATIS: Filial Love (Filial: referring to a son or daughter)
    VISCARIA: Will You Dance With Me?

W

    WALL FLOWER/GILLY FLOWER: Faithful in Adversity, Fidelity, Lasting Beauty
    WINDFLOWER: Sincerity, Symbol of Love
    WINTERGREENS: Harmony
    WISTERIA: Welcome
    WITCH HAZEL: A spell
    WOLFBANE/ACONITE/TURK'S CAP/FRIAR'S CAP/BEAR'S FOOT: Misanthropy, Chivalry, Knight
    WOODBINE: Fraternal Love
    WORMWOOD/ARTEMISIA: Absence, Do not be discouraged

Y

    YARROW: Cure for heartache

Z

    ZEPHYR FLOWER: Sincerity, Symbol of Love
    ZINNIA (MAGENTA): Lasting Affection
    ZINNIA (MIXED): Thinking (or In Memory) of an Absent Friend
    ZINNIA (SCARLET): Constancy
    ZINNIA (WHITE): Goodness
    ZINNIA (YELLOW): Daily Remembrance